Any person desirous of carrying on the profession of 'Architect' must have registered himself with
Council of Architecture. For the purpose of registration, one must possess the requisite
qualification as appended to the Architects Act, after having undergone the education in
accordance with the Council of Architecture (Minimum Standards of Architectural Education)
Regulations, 1983. The registration with Council of Architecture entitles a person to practice the
profession of architecture, provided he holds a Certificate of Registration with up-to-date renewals.
The registration also entitles a person to use the title and style of Architect. The title and style of
architect can also be used by a firm of architects, of which all partners are registered with COA.
Limited Companies, Private/Public Companies, societies and other juridical persons are not
entitled to use the title and style of architect nor are they entitled to practice the profession of
architecture. If any person falsely claims to be registered or misuses title and style of architect,
such acts tantamount to committing of a criminal offence, which is punishable under section 36 or
37 (2) of the Architects Act, 1972.
The practice of profession of an architect is governed by the Architects (Professional Conduct)
Regulations, 1989 (as amended in 2003), which deals with professional ethics and etiquette,
conditions of engagement and scale of charges, architectural competition guidelines etc. Pursuant
to these Regulations, the Council of Architecture has framed guidelines governing the various
aspects of practice. An architect is required to observe professional conduct as stipulated in the
Regulations of 1989 and any violation thereof shall constitute a professional misconduct, which
will attract disciplinary action as stipulated under section 30 of the Architects Act, 1972.
There are 280 institutions, which impart architectural education in India leading to recognized
qualifications. The standards of education being imparted in these institutions (constituent
colleges/departments of universities, deemed universities, affiliated colleges/schools, IITs, NITs
and autonomous institutions) is governed by Council of Architecture (Minimum Standards of
Architectural Education) Regulations, 1983, which set forth the requirement of eligibility for
admission, course duration, standards of staff & accommodation, course content, examination etc.
These standards as provided in the said Regulations are required to be maintained by the
institutions. The COA oversees the maintenance of the standards periodically by way of
conducting inspections through Committees of Experts. The COA is required to keep the Central
Government informed of the standards being maintained by the institutions and is empowered to
make recommendations to the Government of India with regard to recognition and de-recognition
of a qualification.